Request Lifecycle


Starting a Supercharge application via the server.js file serves an HTTP server. This HTTP server handles web requests. Each HTTP request to your application goes through a predefined lifecycle.

It’s important to understand the request lifecycle. Supercharge uses the hapi Node.js framework as its HTTP layer. A benefit of using hapi: a granular request lifecycle with extension points at individual lifecycle steps.

At this point, only the Supercharge HTTP server supports a request lifecycle. Craft CLI commands don’t have a request lifecycle.

Lifecycle Extension Points

Supercharge supports multiple extension points throughout the request lifecycle. Use the following extension points to intercept the request’s processing:

  • onRequest: always called for incoming requests, the route is not determined yet
  • onPreAuth: called regardless of authentication; route available, JSONP and cookies parsed
  • onCredentials: called for successfully authenticated requests
  • onPostAuth: called regardless of authentication; authorization based on access configuration
  • onPreHandler: called if validations pass for payload, header, query and path parameters, cookies
  • onPostHandler: response is defined and can be modified
  • onPreResponse: always called unless the request is aborted

Extend the request lifecycle granularly at each of the seven extension points using middlewares.

Request Lifecycle Cheat Sheet

A picture says more than a thousand words. This quote fits perfectly for the request lifecycle. We created a hapi request lifecycle cheat sheet outlining the request flow. Supercharge uses hapi as the HTTP core.

Supercharge feat. hapi request lifecycle

Request vs. Application Lifecycle

This documentation’s navigation has a page for the request lifecycle and an application lifecycle. The difference between both lifecycles is that the request lifecycle describes how an HTTP request is handled within a running application. The application lifecycle describes the start and shutdown of your application.

You can intercept the application shutdown at three extension points. Find more details in the application lifecycle docs.